Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

Osteochondrosis is a serious disease that requires long-term treatment. Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a common type of osteochondrosis. More than 50% of patients with osteochondrosis complain of pain in the lower back.

The essence of the disease is the gradual destruction of the intervertebral discs. The main part of the load directed to the spine falls on the lumbar region. The lumbar spine supports almost the entire body. To the load are added the weights that a person lifts, physical activity.

The lumbar region suffers from falls, serious injuries. Congenital defects in the development of the spine, genetic predisposition appear at any time.

Pain in lumbar osteochondrosis

pain in the lumbar spine with osteochondrosis

Pain in the lower back with a disease is familiar to people who work with weights, lead an inactive lifestyle, and athletes.

Pain in osteochondrosis does not occur immediately. Manifested after prolonged wearing of weights, hard work. For some, the lower back hurts immediately, for others, the pain occurs every other day.

In the initial stage, the pain symptoms are aching, dull in nature. Sometimes the pain "shoots" in the leg. Pain sensations go away if you lie down, relax, smear the affected organ with a warming ointment. Pain returns if a person wears heavy objects, is in an uncomfortable position for a long time, with shaking, sometimes with sneezing, coughing.

In the stages when the disease progresses, the pain in osteochondrosis in the lumbar zone is strong and prolonged. They occur with sudden movements, after being in the cold, with a short tension of the spinal muscles.

Lumbar osteochondrosis of the spine leads to:

  • Violation of sensitivity in the area of the buttocks, shins, thighs, feet;
  • Frequent tingling sensation in the legs;
  • Violation of the function of sweating;
  • Violation of the temperature of the skin of the legs;
  • Dryness of the skin on sore parts of the body.

Characteristics of spondylarthrosis

Deforming osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine (spondylarthrosis) is similar in features to lumbar osteochondrosis. It is easy to confuse them when both diseases are present. Differences:

  1. With a deforming course of the disease, the pain is not sharp, but pulling, constant;
  2. There is no strong pain during movement, there is a characteristic crunch in the affected joints;
  3. With x-rays, there are differences in the change in the state of the cartilaginous tissue of the spine.

A doctor who should be consulted at the slightest sign of illness will distinguish between two similar diseases.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

Before taking funds for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, it is worth finding and eliminating the cause of pain, disease. It is recommended to abandon physical activity on the spine, to observe bed rest for some time.

doctor examines the lower back with osteochondrosis

With complex treatment, doctors prescribe medications - painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Medicines are prescribed in tablets, injections: it depends on the doctor, the wishes of the patient. If the expected result is not achieved, the doctor prescribes a course of injections of glucocorticoid hormones. Influence the source of infection.

During treatment, the patient is prescribed the intake of B vitamins: B12, B6, B1.

Sometimes the doctor prescribes sedatives, antidepressants, anticonvulsants.

With osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, at the request of the patient, with his written consent, chondroprotectors are used. The drugs are not well studied, can harm the health of the patient.

The disease is treated comprehensively. In addition to the drug effect, doctors recommend wearing a special corset, relaxing, therapeutic massage, acupuncture, swimming, physiotherapy exercises.

Physiotherapy in the treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis

Electrophoresis for lumbar osteochondrosis is an effective method. The bottom line - the treatment is aimed at the focus of the disease, the diseased organ. Nearby organs, connective tissues are not affected, medicine, current pulses do not get into them. The advantage of physiotherapy is used in chronic diseases. Electrophoresis is a healing procedure in which the drug enters the body through the skin through a constantly incoming weak electric current.

The procedure is painless and takes 20 minutes. Doctors recommend 10 sessions. Treatment is carried out with the help of special equipment, electrophoresis is done in a medical institution, dispensary. 2 electrodes are placed on the patient's skin, one is dipped in a drug (analgin, novocaine, magnesia sulphate, aminophylline).

The effect of the procedure is felt after the first visit: pain disappears, spasms are removed from the muscles of the back, neck, blood circulation improves.

Sports

Sports for osteochondrosis of the lower back - morning, therapeutic exercises, swimming.

Morning exercises include self-massage, warm-up exercises for the muscles of the body. It is worth doing leg swings, jumping in place, doing exercises for proper breathing. It is recommended to complete the gymnastics with water procedures. Squats, swinging the abdominal muscles are excluded.

Therapeutic gymnastics requires preparation, it is better to do it several times with an instructor. He will show, tell the correct implementation of developing, relaxing exercises. Shows you how to breathe properly in class. Therapeutic gymnastics requires regularity, so it is worth doing every day. The morning hours are good when the muscles are relaxed.

Exercises are done lying down, kneeling. In positions, the load on the spine is removed, the back muscle groups are relaxed.

A pleasant pastime within the framework of therapeutic sports is swimming. It is worth visiting the pool 4 times a week, swimming for at least 60 minutes. Water should be at the optimum temperature, cold is harmful to patients with osteochondrosis. It is useful to practice on the back.

In medical institutions, active sports are organized for patients with osteochondrosis. The program of classes includes running, outdoor games, athletics, rhythm.

Taking into account the age, the severity of the disease, the season, the physical condition of the body, the doctor will draw up an individual lesson plan.

Prohibitions for lumbar osteochondrosis

Contraindications for lumbar osteochondrosis:

  • During the period of exacerbation, stop playing sports, physical activity;
  • Undertreated neurological diseases;
  • cardiac arrhythmia;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Intraocular pressure, myopia.

Treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis is long. To defeat the disease is to make efforts, efforts. The main thing is to follow the recommendations of the doctor, report health deterioration and improvement in time, and regularly engage in therapeutic exercises. Positive results, improved well-being will not keep you waiting.

19.02.2022